Stock Purchase Agreement Earnout
One of the merits is a contractual clause stipulating that in the future, the seller of a business will receive additional compensation if the company achieves certain financial objectives, usually expressed as a percentage of turnover or gross profit. The agreement should also specify the accounting assumptions that will be used in the future. While a company may comply with generally accepted accounting standards (GAAP), there are still judgments that executives must make that may affect results. For example, adopting a higher level for returns and certificates will reduce income. If a contractor who wants to sell a business demands a price that requires more than a buyer is willing to pay, a provision for the salary can be used. In a simplified example, there could be a purchase price of $1 million plus 5% of gross sales over the next three years. There are pros and cons for buyers and sellers in a salary. For the buyer, an advantage is to have a longer period to pay for the business, instead of doing everything in advance. In addition, the buyer does not have to pay as much if the returns are not as high as expected. For the seller, the advantage is the ability to spread taxes over a few years in order to reduce the tax impact of the sale.
The financial ratios used to determine salary must also be defined. Some metrics benefit the buyer, others the seller. It is a good idea to use a combination of metrics, for example.B. metrics of turnover and profit. ABC Company has revenues of $50 million and a profit of $5 million. A potential buyer is willing to pay $250 million, but the current owner believes this underestimates future growth prospects and is asking for $500 million. To close the gap, both parties can use merit. A compromise could be for a down payment of $250 million and capital of $250 million if revenue and profit reach $100 million within a three-year window, or $100 million, if revenue reaches only $70 million. This includes determining the decisive members of the organization and whether or not to extend a merit to them. Merit helps to remove uncertainties for the buyer, as it is linked to future financial performance. The buyer pays part of the business costs in advance and the rest of the costs depend on the achievement of future performance targets. The seller also receives the benefits of future growth for a fixed period of time.
Various financial objectives such as earnings or net income can help determine revenues. There are legal and financial advisors who can support the whole process. The fees for consultants generally increase with the complexity of the transaction. One of the drawbacks for the buyer is that the seller may be involved in the business for a long time in order to provide assistance, increase profits or use his past experience to manage the business as he sees fit. The downside for the seller is that future revenues are not high enough, so they don`t make as much of the sale of the business. Winning doesn`t come with hard and fast rules. Instead, the level of payment depends on a number of factors, including the size of the business. This can be used to bridge the gap between the different expectations of buyers and sellers. A change in strategy, for example.
B The decision to leave a company or invest in growth initiatives can reduce current results. The seller must be aware of this in order to find a fair solution.